As with so many other aspects of education, assessment is moving more and more online.
Assessment movements usually start in K-12 by mandates and sometimes trickle up to higher education later. In the 2014-15 academic year, more than forty states will implement their online testing programs. Thirty states already do their summative assessments online, but the new assessments will require more of the schools including changes in instruction, and possibly different tech devices and high-speed bandwidth.
As online assessments they will include the traditional multiple-choice questions but also simulations, computer-based items, short answers, and a lot of writing.
The objective is to cover all the standards, some of which are harder to measure, especially online. Part of the appeal of online testing is being able to obtain results quickly with the hope that teachers can use the results to affect instruction for classes and even specific students.
The use of media tablets and other small-form-factor computing devices; The continuing explosion of mobile-centric applications and interfaces; The growth of app stores and marketplaces; Contextual and social user experience; The "internet of things"; Next-generation analytics; The proliferation of big data; The smarter use of in-memory computing; The recognition of the value of extreme low-energy servers; and The continued acceptance of cloud computing.